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Archive for the ‘Runway Safety’ Category

Runway Safety Best Practices

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Update: There is a disturbance in the Runway Safety Force, so a little booster shot is in order. Please take a few minutes and let us know your tips and tactics.

Cheers, Clark

FAA just put out a new jepps card, I got one at the ASW Runway Safety office yesterday and transcribed it for everyone to review.

They also have some nice posters for both airplane and vehicle operators. Contact your FSDO Safety Program Manager to get a copy.

FAA Runway Safety Program Jepps Insert – Front Side

Pilot and Flight Crew Procedures During Taxi Operations

Conduct Pre-Taxi Planning

-Study airport diagram BEFORE taxi

-Identify complex intersections

-Plan timing of checklists

-Listen to and copy ATIS

Write Down Taxi Instructions

-Write down complete taxi instructions to reduce pilot’s vulnerability for forgetting or making a mistake

Maintain Situational Awareness

-Know where you are and where you are going!

-Monitor ATC instructions to other aircraft

-Look TWICE before crossing intersecting taxiways or runways

-Be vigilant if given “position and hold” clearance

-Use extra caution at night or during reduced visibility

-Be extremely cautious when using a runway as a taxiway

“Heads Up” exiting the runway if exit intersects another runway

Coordinate Crew Communications

-On taxi instructions for takeoff

-On landing and hold short clearance

-On ATC instructions to parking

-On identifying runway instructions

-Before crossing hold short lines

-Identifying the correct departure runway and course

-On performing “heads down” tasks

Maintain the Communications Loop

-Maintain a “sterile cockpit”

-Use standard ATC phraseology

-Focus on what ATC is instructing

-Read-back all runway hold short, position and hold and crossing instructions

-Always clarify any and ALL misunderstood or confusing ATC instructions or clearances


Fly (and Taxi) Smart


Written by Clark

March 19, 2023 at 4:38 pm

Posted in Runway Safety

ICAO Manual on the Prevention of Runway Incursions

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In 2001, the ICAO Air Navigation Commission took action to address the problem of runway incursions. Several critical areas were identified that needed to be investigated and which had a relation to overall runway safety, including radiotelephony phraseology, language proficiency, equipment, aerodrome lighting and markings, aerodrome charts, operational aspects, situational awareness and Human Factors.

To improve the situation with respect to runway incursions and to encourage the implementation of relevant provisions, ICAO embarked on an education and awareness campaign which began with a comprehensive search for the best available educational material for inclusion in an interactive runway safety toolkit. Information on this toolkit is provided in Appendix J to this manual. To address aerodromes, air traffic management and flight operations, among other subjects, ICAO also conducted a series of runway safety seminars in the ICAO regions, with the aim of disseminating information on the prevention of runway incursions. Between 2002 and 2005, runway safety seminars were held in the following regions as part of the ICAO education and awareness campaign: Africa-Indian Ocean, Asia and Pacific, Caribbean and South American, European, and Middle East. Recommendations were made at the runway safety seminars held in the Asia and Pacific and Middle East Regions for ICAO to produce a manual containing runway incursion prevention guidelines. Therefore, the objective of this manual is to help States, international organizations, aerodrome operators, air traffic service (ATS) providers and aircraft operators to implement runway safety programmes taking into account best practices already implemented by some States, international organizations, aerodrome operators, ATS providers and airlines. All of the above efforts were undertaken to address a specific problem, that of runway incursions. This focus on the so-called “tip of the arrow” was necessary; however, the inherent need to address safety in a proactive and systemic manner cannot be overstressed. An evolution in safety thinking has led to a change in focus: from that of the individual to that of the organization as a whole. It is now acknowledged that senior management decisions are influential in shaping the operational contexts within which operational personnel perform their duties and discharge their responsibilities. It is also accepted that, regardless of the extent to which operational personnel excel in their job performance, they can never ultimately compensate for systemic deficiencies and flaws in the system that binds them. This new way of thinking is reflected in the following recent Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) on safety management which, for the first time, explicitly address the contribution and responsibility of senior management regarding safety.

Download the manual.

Fly (and Taxi) Smart


Written by Clark

March 17, 2008 at 1:14 pm

Runway Safety Newsletter

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Here is a Runway Safety Newsletter that I have been working on. Check it out.

Fly (and Taxi) Smart


Written by Clark

March 13, 2008 at 11:48 pm

ALPA RUnway Safety Newsletter #2

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Here’s newsletter #2 on the ALPA site. There are lots of valuable lessons to be learned here, ones that others have learned for you and are now sharing.

Fly (and Taxi) Smart


Written by Clark

March 4, 2008 at 6:27 pm

New ALPA Runway Safety Site

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Through our new campaign, “Hold Short for Runway Safety” ALPA will focus its efforts on preventing runway incursions, excursions, and confusion. We will provide you with further education and common-sense guidance that will help prevent operational breakdowns. Every pilot knows we have too much to do and not enough time to do it between getting in the cockpit and taking off.

Check out the new Runway Safety site and give us your feedback.

Fly Smart


Written by Clark

February 14, 2008 at 11:07 am

Identifying and Mitigating the Hazards Associated with Runway Incursions

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AFS Roadshow Presentation Jan 2008: Identifying and Mitigating the Hazards Associated with Runway Incursions
There has been an significant increase of runway incursions lately. In fact
it is so serious that Jim Ballough (AFS-1) and John Allen (AFS-2) traveled
around the country to meet with key management officials from Part 121 carriers to focus on reducing pilot deviations. This issue affects everyone who operates on the protected area of an airport intended for takeoff or landing.

The consequences of a runway collision are severe and it usually results in fatalities to pilots and passengers. As utilization of the National Airspace System (NAS) increases, there will be more exposure to this hazard. That is not a good combination. The key for operators to defend against it today is the use of good judgment and sound operating procedures. There are technological mitigations being developed for tomorrow, but they are not keeping pace with the growth of the NAS. We also need to ensure steps are taken at the Regulatory, Organizational and Supervisory level to ensure that no additional exposure is allowed within the system until the necessary defenses are in place. In other words, let’s not pour any more fuel on this fire. As pilots, it is not our job to fix the problems that production goals create, but many times we are left to deal with it as best we can. It is our job to operate professionally and safely. A valid assessment of the system state coupled with seasoned, conservative judgment leads to efficient decision making. We get one shot at this one, and we have to do it right every time.

This presentation provides educational re-creations of air traffic work.The FAA has provided it to safety professionals for education and awareness. Take a look at it and become part of the solution by sharing your thoughts with your FSDO’s Safety Program Manager. Or post them here and I’ll share them for you.

Fly (and Taxi) Smart


Written by Clark

February 12, 2008 at 9:43 am

Runway Safety Handbook for Pilots and Controllers

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From the FAA:

Here is a Runway Safety Human Factors Handbook for Pilots and Controllers. It has some excellent examples and tips to operate safely on and around the protected area.

Fly Smart


Written by Clark

February 6, 2008 at 2:32 pm